Diagnostic efficacy of serum procalcitonin, C-reactive protein concentration and clinical pulmonary infection score in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
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Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of serum procalcitonin (PCT), c-reactive protein (CRP) concentration and clinical pulmonary infection score(CPIS) in ventilator-associated pneumonia(VAP). Methods: Forty-nine patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Zhejiang Hospital with suspected VAP were recruited in this study. The serum level of PCT and CRP of all patients were measured and CPIS was calculated at the time of VAP suspected diagnosis. Of the included 49 patients, 24 were finally confirmed of VAP by microbiology assay. And the other 25 patients were considered as clinical suspected VAP without microbiology confirmation. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) were calculated using the serum PCT, CRP concentration and CPIS. The correlation among serum PCT, CRP concentration and CPIS were also evaluated by Spearson correlation test. Results: A total of 100 bronchoscopic aspiration sputum specimen were examined in bacterial culture. 30 samples were found with suspected pathogenic bacteria. Six samples were found with 2 types of suspected pathogenic bacteria. PCT serum concentration and CPIS score were significantly different (P<0.05) between the patient group [1.4 (0.68 ∼ 2.24), 6.0 (4.25 ∼ 8.00)] and the control group [0.4 (0.17 ∼ 1.39), 3.0 (1.00 ∼ 5.00)] ; However, the serum CRP [102.8(66.75 ∼ 130.90) vs 86.1(66.95 ∼ 110.10)] was not statistically different between the two groups (P>0.05). A significant correlation was found between serum PCT and CRP concentrations (r=0.55, P<0.01), but not between PCT vs CPIS and CRP vs CPIS (p>0.05). The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and AUC were 72.0%, 75.0%, 0.81 (0.69 ∼ 0.93) for CPIS; 60.0%, 87.5%, 0.76 (0.62 ∼ 0.90) for PCT and 68.0%, 58.3%, 0.59 (0.43 ∼ 0.76) for CRP. Conclusion: PCT serum level and CPIS score are elevated in VAP patients and could therefore represent potential biomarkers for VAP early diagnosis.
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Chen, Changqin ; Yan, Molei ; Hu, Caibao ; Lv, Xiaochun ; Zhang, Huihui ; Chen, Shangzhong ; Diagnostic efficacy of serum procalcitonin, C-reactive protein concentration and clinical pulmonary infection score in Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Med Sci (Paris), , Vol. 34, N° HS ; p. 26-32 ; DOI : 10.1051/medsci/201834f105