L'auto-incompatibilité chez les plantes à fleurs.
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During the course of evolution, recognition mechanisms that prevent self-fertilization in flowering plants have been selected. These mechanisms, named self-incompatibility, allow self-pollen rejection by the pistil. In most cases, the self-incompatibility response is under the genetic control of a single multiallelic locus, the S (Self-incompatibility) locus. Depending on the genetic control of the self-pollen rejection, two major classes of self-incompatibility systems have been described. The most common systems correspond to the gametophytic self-incompatibility, which has been well characterized in the Solanaceae and in the Papaveraceae. The second type of self-incompatibility systems corresponds to the sporophytic self-incompatibility, particularly well studied in the Brassicaceae. In the review article, we present recent advances in understanding the molecular events that lead to pollen recognition and rejection in both systems. Interestingly, different molecules and signaling pathways have been recruited during evolution of flowering plants to answer the same biological question: how to discriminate male partners and to efficiently prevent self-fertilization by the pistil of hermaphroditic flowers ? The origin and molecular evolution of these multiallelic systems is discussed.
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Gaude, T ; Glémin, S ; Cabrillac, D ; Mignot, A, L'auto-incompatibilité chez les plantes à fleurs., Med Sci (Paris), 2001, Vol. 17, N° 6-7; p.I-XIV