Laparoscopic combined with hysteroscopic repair or operative hysteroscopy in the treatment of symptomatic cesarean-induced diverticulum
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Objective: The postmenstrual bleeding with cesarean-induced diverticulum is a bothersome symptom and can be confused with other abnormal-uterine bleeding disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic combined with hysteroscopic repair vs operative hysteroscopy in treatment of symptomatic cesarean-induced diverticulum. Methods: Eighty-two women with cesarean-induced diverticulum who underwent either laparoscopic combined with hysteroscopic repair or operative hysteroscopy between January 2012 and September 2015 were retrospectively included in the study. We evaluated the menstrual duration before and after the surgery, the width, length and depth of the niche, operating time, blood loss, complications, and postoperative pregnancy status. Results: 62.2% (51/82) patients started to have postmenstrual bleeding immediately when they gained regular menstruation after their cesarean section. The laparoscopic group has longer operative time and greater blood loss (p<0.001). Both groups have a significant improvement in their menstruation duration ( p< 0.001). The patients in the laparoscopic repair group had a greater improvement in bringing the uterine bleeding into normal menstruation duration (P=0.046) and the same in pregnancy rate (P=0.505). The interval between operation and pregnancy in laparoscopic combined with hysteroscopic group was much longer than the hysteroscopic group (27 vs 10 months, p<0.001). Conclusion: the laparoscopic repair exhibited a better efficiency in bringing the uterine bleeding into normal menstruation duration and in improving the pregnancy rate However, there was not a clear absolute advantage for one of the two type of surgeries. Thus, patients with post-cesarean section diverticulum (PCSD) should choose with caution the type of surgery, considering the residual myometrial thickness (RMT), the age, the desire for further fertility and ovarian reserve capacity.
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Lv, Bingqing ; Xie, Xi ; Liu, Chaobin ; Lin, Yuan ; Laparoscopic combined with hysteroscopic repair or operative hysteroscopy in the treatment of symptomatic cesarean-induced diverticulum, Med Sci (Paris), , Vol. 34, N° HS ; p. 47-51 ; DOI : 10.1051/medsci/201834f109